An Intermodal Transportation Center is a multi-purpose building located within a designated area of a city, in which several types of transportation come together to create a hub of accessible, connected transportation services. Depending on the modes of transportation that are in use in a region, the following may be brought together at a single location: local bus service, paratransit, intercity bus service, taxis, Ubers, rail connections, automobile parking, flex car or rental car service, bicycles, pedestrian walkways and more.
Bringing these modes of transportation together creates an opportunity for people to more easily travel and connect to destinations both near and far through a variety of transportation choices. Bringing these modes together also increases their efficiency and effectiveness and improves mobility and accessibility within the community.
In September of 2016, the Central Midlands Council of Governments (CMCOG) initiated a study to examine the opportunities that a Regional Intermodal Transportation Center located in or around downtown Columbia would bring to the Central Midlands area. The purpose of this study was to look at what an Intermodal Transportation Center might include, how it might serve various modes of transportation, how it might impact development, and where it might be located. This study is a first step in the process set out by the Federal Transit Administration for advancing public transportation facility projects.